Black pups expected Fall 2019

Lab puppies

First Day home and Crate Training begins


A crate provides a safe den for your Lab in his new home and time-out location away from other pets and children.



A Lab should not be left in a crate all day. If you need to be away all day, arrange for someone to come and play with and exercise your Lab for at least 30 minutes per visit, every 3 to 4 hours.

Children must be taught to respect the crate. It is the dog's private area, not a playhouse.

Crates are a must with a puppy.

A puppy crate should be small and portable. Size about 18" wide x 24" long x 20 " high..These are relatively inexpensive and should be all positve experiences..Where you feed the pup, the pup takes naps..Start out slow and be patient..If you have to bring the pup or want to bring the pup with you in a vehicle this is the safest way to transport them. The only exception is the day you leave here with your pup. That day the pup will ride on your lap..

A Lab requires a crate size of 24" wide x 36" long x 27" high or larger.

Your Puppy's First Day

I will give you some food to start off your pup with

to make sure his diet is the same as it has been!

Give your dog a head start on a happy life by making his first day a great one.

Your puppy's first day in your home is one of the most important times in his young life.

Try to make it one of his best days.


It's very important for your dog to be wearing an ID tag from the first day he is at your home.  

Before you bring your new dog or puppy home, have the tag ready for him. If you haven't chosen a name for your dog yet, just put your address and phone number on it.


The first thing you are going to want to do is hold your puppy. You might want to hold him all the time. But it is very important for your puppy to have a chance to meet the other people in your family. He also needs to explore his new home. Holding your puppy is important so he learns to love you, but on the first day, hold him only a few minutes at a time.


You should get your house ready before your pup comes home. Puppy-proofing your house will keep your new pup safe from danger.


Puppy-proof your house:
1. Make sure cords and wires are not where your dog can reach them.
2. Place trash in cupboards or have your parents get trash cans with lids.
3. Remove dangerous liquids, like cleaners and antifreeze.
4. Clear off tables that your pup might reach.   

Make a spray of vinegar and water, equal parts, if puppy has an accident, basically ignore the accident, bring pup outside when done and do not let him see you clean up his mess.

Spray the area with your vinegar and water spray

to remove the ammonia smell, as the ammonia will attract puppy right back to the same area.

You can use other products but this is the safest,

most economical and works!


Have a couple of toys ready for your dog to play with. He may not want to play the first day, but they will be there if he does.


Have a place for your dog to sleep.

A crate makes a good bed. When your puppy is resting, he can be in a private place where no one will bother him. If you don't have a crate, put his bed somewhere that is cozy, comfortable, and private for him.


Your pup will probably need to go to the bathroom soon after he arrives. It would be a good idea to take him outside before he begins to explore your home. Praise him when he goes. Give your new dog time to explore your house, but don't leave him alone. You can stand behind him and follow him to the places he wants to go. Be very gentle. Only hold him a little bit. 

Joining the Family
The best place for your new dog to meet your other dog for the first time is outside--in your yard (fenced) or in a park (on a leash). When they are comfortable with each other, bring them indoors.


Quiet, please!
Your puppy will do better if your house is quiet.

Loud noises may scare him. Later, when he is used to your house, you can introduce new sounds slowly.

Give your pup some water right away if he's thirsty.

Wait and give your dog some food after he has been home for a while and is feeling more comfortable.

Don't forget to let him outside every time he drinks or eats. See 'Housebreaking Your Dog' for tips.


It is very important to know what Humane means:
Humane means acting kind, gentle, and generous toward your pets. Your new puppy needs to feel safe at all times. You can help him to feel that way by being humane to him.


Don't start any training on this first day.

This is your pup's day to meet everyone.

It might be very tempting to take your dog out and

show him off to your friends, but you need to wait a little while.

First, let your pup get comfortable at home

and with everyone that lives in your house.

Then, after your pup has had its shots to protect him from illness, take him out for short walks not very far from your house.

Always remember to tell your pup he is doing a great job!





Providing your puppy or dog with an indoor kennel crate can 

satisfy many dogs' need for a den-like enclosure. Besides an 

effective housebreaking tool (it takes advantage of the dog's 

natural reluctance to soil its sleeping place), it can also help 

to reduce separation anxiety, to prevent destructive behavior 

(as chewing furniture), to keep a puppy away from potentially 

dangerous household items (i.e., poisons, electrical wires, etc.), 

and to serve as a mobile indoor dog house which can be moved 

from room to room whenever necessary. 

A kennel crate also serves as a travel cabin for your dog when 

travelling by car or plane. Additionally, most hotels which accept 

dogs on their premises require them to be crated while in the 

room to prevent damage to hotel furniture and rugs. 

Most dogs which have been introduced to the kennel crate while 

still young grow up to prefer their crate to rest in or "hang-out" 

in. Therefore a crate (or any other area of confinement) should 

NEVER be used for the purpose of punishment.

We recommend that you provide a kennel crate throughout your 

dog's lifetime. Some crates allow for the removal of the door once 

it is no longer necessary for the purpose of training. The crate can 

be placed under a table, or a table top can be put on top of it to 

make it both unobtrusive and useful. 

I recommend 2 crates, a small one to move around and take in 

the car and a large one for your bedroom. I also like a large one 

for the family room.

Preparing the Crate


Vari-kennel: the plastic type is the best for your bedroom and car. 

The wire mesh type below is nice to have in the family so puppy 

can see you when you are too busy to watch him. 


Wire Mesh type:Tie the crate door back so that it stays open 

without moving or shutting closed. If the crate comes with a floor 

pan, place a piece of cardboard or a towel between the floor 

(or crate bottom) and the floor pan in order to keep it from rattling.

Furnishing Your Puppy's Crate


Toys and Treats: Place your puppy's favorite toys and dog treats at 

the far end opposite the door opening. These toys may include the 

"Tuffy", "Billy", "Kong", "Nylabone" or a ball. Toys and bails

 should always be inedible and large enough to prevent their being 

swallowed. Any fragmented toys should be removed to prevent choking 

and internal obstruction. You may also place a sterilized marrow bone 

filled with cheese or dog treats in the crate.

Water: No water in the crate. You should be home in time to give them 

water, they will only be in the crate napping and will not need a drink...


Bedding: Place a towel or blanket inside the crate to create a soft, 

comfortable bed for the puppy. If the puppy chews the towel, remove 

it to prevent the pup from swallowing or choking on the pieces. Although 

most puppies prefer lying on soft bedding, some may prefer to rest on a 

hard, flat surface, and may push the towel to one end of the crate to 

avoid it. If the puppy urinates on the towel, remove bedding until the 

pup no longer eliminates in the crate.

Location of Crate

Whenever possible, place the crate near or next to you when you are 

home. This will encourage the pup to go inside it without his feeling lonely 

or isolated when you go out. A central room in the apartment (i.e.: living 

room or kitchen) or a large hallway near the entrance is a good place to 

crate your puppy. For sleeping at night he should be in your bedroom.

Introducing the Crate to Your Puppy

In order that your puppy associate his/her kennel crate with comfort, 

security and enjoyment, please follow these guidelines:

Occasionally throughout the day, drop small pieces of kibble or dog 

biscuits in the crate. While investigating his new crate, the pup will 

discover edible treasures, thereby reinforcing his positive associations 

with the crate. You may also feed him in the crate to create the same 

effect. If the dog hesitates, it often works to feed him in front of the crate, 

then right inside the doorway and then, finally, in the back of the crate.

In the beginning, praise and pet your pup when he enters. Do not try to 

push, pull or force the puppy into the crate. At this early stage of 

introduction only inductive methods are suggested. Overnight exception: 

You may need to place your pup in his crate and shut the door upon 

retiring. (In most cases, the crate should be placed next to your bed 

overnight. If this is not possible, the crate can be placed in the kitchen, 

bathroom or living room.)

You may also play this enjoyable and educational game with your pup 

or dog: without alerting your puppy, drop a small dog biscuit into the 

crate. Then call your puppy and say to him, "Where's the biscuit? It's 

in your room." Using only a friendly, encouraging voice, direct your pup 

toward his crate. When the puppy discovers the treat, give enthusiastic 

praise. The biscuit will automatically serve as a primary reward. Your 

pup should be free to leave its crate at all times during this game. Later 

on, your puppy's toy or ball can be substituted for the treat.

It is advisable first to crate your pup for short periods of time while you 

are home with him. In fact, crate training is best accomplished while you 

are in the room with your dog. Getting him used to your absence from the 

room in which he is crated is a good first step. This prevents an association 

being made with the crate and your leaving him/her alone.

A Note About Crating Puppies

Puppies under 4 months of age have little bladder or sphincter control. 

Puppies under 3 months have even less. Very young puppies under 8 weeks 

should not be crated, as they need to eliminate very frequently (usually 8-12 

times or more daily).

Important Reminders

Collars: Always remove your puppy or dog's collar before confining in the 

crate. Even flat buckle collars can occasionally get struck on the bars or wire 

mesh of a crate. If you must leave a collar on the pup when you crate him 

(e.g.: for his identification tag), use a safety "break away" collar.

Warm Weather: Do not crate a puppy or dog when temperatures reach an uncomfortable level. This is especially true for the short-muzzled (Pugs, Pekes, Bulldogs, etc.) and the Arctic or thick- coated breeds (Malamutes, Huskies, 

Akitas, Newfoundlands, etc.). Cold water should always be available to puppies, especially during warm weather. [Never leave an unsupervised dog on a terrace, 

roof or inside a car during warm weather. Also, keep outdoor exercise periods

brief until the hot weather subsides.]

Be certain that your puppy has fully eliminated shortly before being crated.

Be sure that the crate you are using is not too large to discourage your pup 

from eliminating in it.

Rarely does a pup or dog eliminate in the crate if it is properly sized and the 

dog is an appropriate age to be crated a given amount of time.

If your pup/dog continues to eliminate in the crate,

the following may be the causes: 

The pup is too young to have much control.

The pup has a poor or rich diet, or very large meals.

The pup did not eliminate prior to being confined.

The pup has worms.

The pup has gaseous or loose stools.

The pup drank large amounts of water prior to being crated.

The pup has been forced to eliminate in small confined areas prior to c

rate training.

The pup/dog is suffering from a health condition or illness (i.e., bladder 

infection, prostate problem, etc.)

The puppy or dog is experiencing severe separation anxiety when left 


Accidents In The Crate

If your puppy messes in his crate while you are out, do not punish him 

upon your return. Simply wash out the crate using a pet odor neutralizer 

(such as Nature's Miracle, Nilodor, or Outright). Do not use ammonia-based products, as their odor resembles urine and may draw your dog back to 

urinate in the same spot again. Vinegar and water solution works 

wonderful to eliminate odors.

Crating Duration Guidelines

  7-10 Weeks

Approx. 30-60 minutes

11-14 Weeks

Approx. 1-3 hours

15-16 Weeks

Approx. 3-4 hours

17 + Weeks

Approx. 4+ (5 hours maximum)

NOTE: Except for overnight, neither puppies nor dogs should be crated 

for more than 5 hours at a time. (5 hours maximum!)

The Crate As Punishment

NEVER use the crate as a form of punishment or reprimand for your 

puppy or dog.

This simply causes the dog to fear and resent the crate. If correctly 

introduced to his crate, your puppy should be happy to go into his 

crate at any time.

You may however use the crate as a brief time-out for your puppy 

as a way of discouraging nipping or excessive rowdiness.

[NOTE: Sufficient daily exercise is important for healthy puppies 

and dogs. Regular daily walks should be offered as soon as a puppy 

is fully immunized. Backyard exercise is not enough!]

Children And The Crate

Do not allow children to play in your dog's crate or to handle your 

dog while he/she is in the crate. The crate is your dog's private 

sanctuary. His/her rights to privacy should always be respected.

Barking In The Crate

In most cases a pup who cries incessantly in his crate has either 

been crated too soon (without taking the proper steps as outlined above)

or is suffering from separation anxiety and is anxious about being left 

alone. Some pups may simply under exercised. Others may not have 

enough attention paid them. Some breeds of dog may be particularly 

vocal (e.g., Miniature Pinchers, Mini Schnauzers, and other frisky 

terrier types). These dogs may need the "Alternate Method of Confining 

Your Dog", along with increasing the amount of exercise and play your 

dog receives daily.


When Not To Use A Crate

Do not crate your puppy or dog if:


s/he is too young to have sufficient bladder or

sphincter control. 


s/he has diarrhea.

Diarrhea can be caused by: worms, illness,

intestinal upsets such as colitis, too much and/or the wrong kinds of 

food, quick changes in the dogs diet, or stress, fear or anxiety. 


s/he is vomiting.

You must leave him/her crated for more than the Crating Duration 

Guidelines suggest. 


s/he has not eliminated shortly before being placed inside the crate.
(See Housetraining Guidelines for exceptions.) 

the temperature is excessively high.


s/he has not had sufficient exercise, companionship and socialization.


Buying a Crate

Where to buy a crate: Crates can be purchased through most pet supply 

outlets, through pet mail order catalogs and through most professional 

breeders. Some examples are:

The Cost of A Crate

Crates can cost between $35 and $150

depending on the size and the type of crate

and the source.

The Cost of Not Buying a Crate

The cost of not using a crate: 

your shoes 
table legs
chairs and sofa, and everything else that the pup can get their teeth 

into when not supervised!

The real cost, however, is your dog's safety and your peace of mind.

Alternative Method Of Confining Your Puppy

There are alternative methods to crating very young puppies and puppies 

who must be left alone in the house for lengths of time exceeding the 

recommended maximum duration of confinement     

(see Crating Duration Guidelines).

We suggest the following:

Use a small to medium-sized room space such as a kitchen, large bathroom 

or hallway with non- porous floor. Set up the crate on one end, the food and 

water a few feet away, and some newspaper (approx. 2'x3' to 3'x3') using a 

3 to 4 layer thickness, several feet away. Confine your puppy to this room or 

area using a 3 ft. high, safety-approved child's gate rather than shutting off 

the opening by a solid door. Your pup will feel less isolated if it can see out 

beyond its immediate place of confinement.

Puppy proof the area by removing any dangerous objects or substances.

By Robin Kovary, with Barbara Giella and some adding advice from 

Chestnuts Labs!

Please see: "How to Successfully Housetrain Your Puppy" 
 Copyright 1995 - 1999,  Robin Kovary